2016 547 547
"Each court must develop a local rule creating a presumption against shackling. This means that the local court’s rule should allow juvenile shackling only when “there is no less restrictive alternative to the use of physical restraint” because the child poses “a current and significant threat to the safety of the child’s self or other persons in the courtroom” or there is a “significant risk the child will flee the courtroom.” If physical restraints are deemed necessary, the least restrictive restraint should be used and should not “unnecessarily restrict the movement of the child’s hands.”"
2016 762 762
2016 482 482
2016 665 665
"Juvenile judges in Louisiana imposed longer sentences in the week after an unexpected football loss by Louisiana State University, according to a working paper by two Louisiana State University economics professors.
The average length of dispositions—which included probation and custody—was 513 days for the juveniles studied. But that average increased by about 35 days after an unexpected loss, according to the researchers, Ozkan Eren and Naci Mocan."
2016 543 543
"The landmark study by the National Institutes of Health will follow the biological and behavioral development of more than 10,000 children beginning at ages 9-10 through adolescence into early adulthood."
2016 555 555
"Children who have experienced trauma are more likely to suffer from mental health disorders, such as depression or anxiety, to display anti-social behavior, and to have trouble paying attention at school. And the effects are long-lasting: As adults, these children are more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol, to develop chronic illnesses, to attempt suicide, and to be involved in the criminal justice system."
2016 596 596
"The confession happened without a parent or another adult present, and investigators 'exploited the absence of such an adult by repeatedly suggesting that they were looking out for his interests,' the decision states."
2016 468 468
"The expansion of sex offender laws to include juveniles was based on the assumption that kids who sexually transgress cannot be reformed. However, research has shown this assumption to be false. Only 1 percent to 7 percent of children who commit sexual offenses will do it again — much lower than the 13 percent recidivism rates for adult sexual offenders."
2016 404 404
"The stigma and collateral consequences of involvement in the criminal- and juvenile-justice systems create countless barriers to successful re-entry. Unfortunately, Ohio’s criminal-background-check system is so flawed, inaccurate and unable to comply with Ohio law that it increases these barriers, making successful re-entry even more difficult."
2016 666 666
"A new report released today highlights Wayne County’s frequent use of juvenile life without parole (JLWOP) sentences, calling the county an 'extreme outlier' in its use of the punishment. The report also criticizes D.A. Worthy’s decision, which was announced Friday, to again seek life sentences for at least one out of three individuals currently serving this sentence."