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Unbalanced Youth Justice


Juvenile Offenders Unshackled: A Look 10-Years Later

“Miami’s experience shows that children can be treated humanely in juvenile court,” reports Martinez. “Ten years later, more than 30,000 unshackled children have gone to court in Miami, and none have successfully escaped or injured anyone in the courtroom.”

Advisory for Recipients of Financial Assistance from the U.S. Department of Justice on Levying Fines and Fees on Juveniles

Examples and Resources to Support Criminal Justice Entities in Compliance with Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act

Law You Can Use: Supreme Court of Ohio passes rule to end automatic shackling of juveniles

"Each court must develop a local rule creating a presumption against shackling. This means that the local court’s rule should allow juvenile shackling only when “there is no less restrictive alternative to the use of physical restraint” because the child poses “a current and significant threat to the safety of the child’s self or other persons in the courtroom” or there is a “significant risk the child will flee the courtroom.” If physical restraints are deemed necessary, the least restrictive restraint should be used and should not “unnecessarily restrict the movement of the child’s hands.”" 

Report: Juveniles Lack Legal Advice; Often Urged To Plead Guilty

"A report finds many juveniles accused of crimes never see a lawyer or receive ineffective legal advice. It finds if they do get an attorney, it is usually the least experienced or the most burned out."

What You Should Know About Juvenile Solitary Confinement

"Q: Who can be placed in solitary confinement? A: No Ohio law or regulation governs who can be placed in solitary confinement. An adult or child of any age and any health condition, including very young children or children suffering from mental health issues, can be placed in solitary confinement."  

Louisiana juveniles got longer sentences after unexpected LSU football losses, study finds

"Juvenile judges in Louisiana imposed longer sentences in the week after an unexpected football loss by Louisiana State University, according to a working paper by two Louisiana State University economics professors.

The average length of dispositions—which included probation and custody—was 513 days for the juveniles studied. But that average increased by about 35 days after an unexpected loss, according to the researchers, Ozkan Eren and Naci Mocan."

Recruitment begins for landmark study of adolescent brain development

"The landmark study by the National Institutes of Health will follow the biological and behavioral development of more than 10,000 children beginning at ages 9-10 through adolescence into early adulthood."

 

Trauma of witnessing police violence is not lost on children

"Children who have experienced trauma are more likely to suffer from mental health disorders, such as depression or anxiety, to display anti-social behavior, and to have trouble paying attention at school. And the effects are long-lasting: As adults, these children are more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol, to develop chronic illnesses, to attempt suicide, and to be involved in the criminal justice system."