2017 122 122
2017 222 222
2016 223 223
"Each court must develop a local rule creating a presumption against shackling. This means that the local court’s rule should allow juvenile shackling only when “there is no less restrictive alternative to the use of physical restraint” because the child poses “a current and significant threat to the safety of the child’s self or other persons in the courtroom” or there is a “significant risk the child will flee the courtroom.” If physical restraints are deemed necessary, the least restrictive restraint should be used and should not “unnecessarily restrict the movement of the child’s hands.”"
2016 221 221
2016 207 207
2016 291 291
"Juvenile judges in Louisiana imposed longer sentences in the week after an unexpected football loss by Louisiana State University, according to a working paper by two Louisiana State University economics professors.
The average length of dispositions—which included probation and custody—was 513 days for the juveniles studied. But that average increased by about 35 days after an unexpected loss, according to the researchers, Ozkan Eren and Naci Mocan."
2016 229 229
"The landmark study by the National Institutes of Health will follow the biological and behavioral development of more than 10,000 children beginning at ages 9-10 through adolescence into early adulthood."
2016 239 239
"Children who have experienced trauma are more likely to suffer from mental health disorders, such as depression or anxiety, to display anti-social behavior, and to have trouble paying attention at school. And the effects are long-lasting: As adults, these children are more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol, to develop chronic illnesses, to attempt suicide, and to be involved in the criminal justice system."
2016 257 257
"The confession happened without a parent or another adult present, and investigators 'exploited the absence of such an adult by repeatedly suggesting that they were looking out for his interests,' the decision states."